How to apply for small business loans from governmental SBA programs

SBA Loans and Relief Options

SBA Loans and Relief options available for Small Businesses   

The SBA (Small Business Administration) works with lenders to provide loans to small businesses. This transaction is not direct; instead, the SBA will set guidelines for loans made by its community development organizations, micro-lending institutions, and partnering lenders. It is this process that makes it easier for small business owners to get loans. SBA helps provide management and technical assistance to small businesses through assistance programs. SBA also boasts the largest network of volunteer business mentors, acting as its resource partners. 

Table of Content 

  1. The types of loans that the SBA offers
  2. The Paycheck Protection Program (PPP)
  3. COVID Relief options offered by the SBA 

The types of loans that the SBA offers

Types of loans that the SBA offers

The U.S. Small Business Administration provides financial assistance through loan guarantees, direct loans, among other resources supporting small businesses. The SBA offers the following funding programs:

  • The SBA 7 (a) Loan Program 

The SBA loan program stands as the Small Business Administration’s primary lending program. Borrowers use this loan for purchasing supplies, refinance current business debt, short term and Long term working capital, among other operating expenses. 

  • Microloan Program

The Microloan program is available to nonprofits, startups, and new or expanding small businesses. These loans are used for; equipment, inventory, or machinery. Strictly the borrower may not use the microloan to pay any existing debt or purchase any property/real estate; it is for business development. 

  • The SBA 504 Loan Program

Are also referred to as an Equipment loan and Real Estate loan. The Small Business Authority makes available to small businesses with long-term and fixed-rate financing for major assets. 

  • Disaster Loans 

The SBA directly offers these low-interest loans. Borrowers can use them to recover from a declared disaster.

The Paycheck Protection Program (PPP)

Small Business Paycheck Protection Program

The program provides small business owners an incentive to keep their workers on the payroll, making it easier for individuals to retain jobs. The PPP ended on May 31, 2021; however, some existing borrowers may be eligible for the PPP loan forgiveness program.

The First Draw PPP Loan

Business owners may use it to fund not only payroll (including benefits) but also pay operating expenses such as rent, utilities, worker protection costs related to COVID 19, uninsured property damage costs, and expenses caused by looting or vandalism in the year 2020, pay for mortgage interest, and a certain selection of supplier costs and expenses of operation. 

Eligibility for the First Draw PPP

The SBA will be considering the following entities eligible for the First Draw PPP:

  1. Self-employed persons, independent contractors, and sole proprietors.
  2. Businesses whose NAICS code begins with 72 (Accommodations and Food Services) should have more than one location and have less than 500 employees at each location.
  3. Small businesses that meet SBA’s size standards be it industry size standard or alternative size standard.
  4. Any business 501(c)(19) veterans organization, 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization, or tribal business concern (sec. 31(b)(2)(C) of the Small Business Act) with the greater of:
  • 500 employees, or 
  • That meets the SBA size standard of greater than 500. 


The Second Draw PPP Loan 

The PPP allows for certain eligible borrowers who had previously received a PPP loan to reapply. This is with the same general loan terms and used for the same utility in their first PPP loan. For the accommodation and food services businesses, they get an increased maximum loan amount and increased assistance.

Eligibility for the Second Draw PPP

The eligibility requirement for the Second Draw PPP Loan is:

  1. You have previously received a First Draw PPP loan and will/has used the full amount for the permitted uses.
  2. Have no more than 3000 employees
  3. Demonstrate a 25% (at least) reduction in gross receipts (between comparable quarters in 2019 and 2020)

PPP Loan forgiveness

First and Second draw loan forgiveness terms 

Small business owners qualify for full loan forgiveness if during the 8 – 24 week covered period following loan disbursement if: 

  1. Both employee and compensation levels are maintained. Important to note that The borrower should maintain the second draw levels since the first draw.
  2. The borrower should spend at least 60% of the funds on payroll costs. 
  3. Spend the loan proceeds as stipulated in the terms. 

COVID Relief options offered by the SBA 

SBA COVID Relief Options

This is offered help by the SBA towards small businesses that were affected by the COVID 19 Pandemic. They include:

Covid19 Relief Program Eligibility  Application 

(Economic Injury Disaster Loan). Found under offered disaster assistance loans. 

  • Agricultural businesses that have 500 or fewer employees 
  • Businesses engaged in food and fiber production, for instance, ranching and aquaculture.
  • Small business owners. 
Applications are open to small business owners (agricultural businesses included) and nonprofit organizations in all U.S Washington D.C. and territories. 

Online Application portal: 

The SBA Debt Relief 
  • Apply to borrowers of the SBA 7(a) loan, Microloans, and the SBA 540 loan. 
  • Severely impacted by coronavirus pandemic.
Borrowers have no need to apply for this service; the SBA will automatically act
The Restaurant Revitalization Fund  

Has no interest rate and recipients are not expected to pay it back. 

  • Restaurants 
  • Food carts, food trucks, food stands 
  • Inns 
  • Breweries 
  • Bakeries
Applications can be made through the SBA-recognized POS (Point of Sale) Vendors or directly via SBA in the online application portal, on the official website.  

Additional documentation will be required, along with the loan application: 

A signed and dated IRS Tax Authorization Form

Gross Receipts Documentation  

Shuttered Venus Grant
  • Theatrical producers
  • Museum operators 
  • Motion picture theatre operators
  • Live venue operators 
  • Talent Representatives 

Must be in operation as of Feb 29, 2020.

Applications are conducted through the SVOG portal.